Fragile means weakness, being frail or having brittleness. When we talk about the countries or states with fragility, we are talking about security risks and peace threats of the countries in that region. A country with peace threats, the insecure defensive system became alarming for neighbor countries. They may become a hub of terrorism for terrorists or a hurdle to their peaceful growth. A country can get the label of a fragile state due to various reasons. In these reasons, one major reason is a security threat, dangerous situations, and peace at the edge of chaos. When all other countries or states are moving toward success with different extents or ratios, the fragile states are falling apart from successful and developed countries due to others’ concerns about these states. 

 We can define fragile states through different means or various ways. To secure human life is the primary concern for all countries globally. Also, it is the basic right of. However, if a country is unable to protect people’s lives, families, assets, and properties, it became a threat worldwide. A country with low GDP will not be able to provide basic facilities of life to its citizens. The poor government will not focus to deliver services or meet the expectations worldwide. The result would be an increase in hunger, massive migration or illegal escape to neighboring countries, or terrorism. However, a poor country with several issues may also have one more misconduct. Non-providence of all fundamental rights to their city is one of them. The drastic disputes between citizens and authorities, and health sector issues can lead towards serious results. Environmental degradation can lead to contagious infections or pandemics like we face during COVID-19.

 

Why a fragile state is a threat beyond the borders:

Fragile words indicate weakness or concerns about different matters. When it is about the fragility of the country or a state then, we can say that the fragility may be a matter of human security and peace issues in certain areas. Moreover, other issues related to national and international concerns. A fragile state can become a threat for other nations beyond the borders due to many reasons. We are living in a remote world and no one can live in isolation completely. The remoteness and technology brought many positive changes with them, there is also brought some concerns for others. The greenhouse effect, global warming, floods, water shortage and pollution, and many other threats are there. 

 Let’s talk about the health sector too. When a country is a threat to its environmental concerns, it also put negative impacts on the health of the citizens living in those areas. The destabilization bring out by the fragile states also put the whole world in a drastic situation. The emergence and rapid spreading of COVID-19 worldwide and its impacts were undoubtedly alarming for mankind. 

A fragile state can be involved in transnational security threats to the neighborhood. Poor defensive situation or lessen growth with limited resources can help or spike terrorism level in the country. Think tanks also describe several severe results, likelihoods, or concerns that can be faced by other countries in the region due to the fragility of one. 

When states fail, Do they destabilize complete neighborhoods? 

Various studies showed and estimate that the falling state can become a security threat for the neighboring country as well. Not only a security threat but also bring economic unrest in the whole region as well. Further, incapable governments face failure in the providence of the necessities of life to their people. The bad law and justice conditions in the country can also worsen the situation as a whole. 

 The failure of the security department with a poor defensive system bring unrest, depression, and frustration in people, and disbelief among neighbors. They may avoid keeping friendly terms with the fragile state.

 Some choice, non-normative representations of fragility focus rather on the volatility of state institutions, for example relating fragility as ‘institutional instability impairing the predictability, clarity, and liability of public decision-making means and the terms of security and cultural services to the population.’

 

When the concept emerged with spillover impact:

In acceptance of the practical and normalizing deficiencies of the term ‘fragile states’, development agencies are now frequently favoring the more extensive specification of ‘fragility’ or ‘situations of fragility. These terms are also seen to fully capture the fact that frailty is not exclusively restricted by the nature and ends of states – there is a need to look behind the state to the nature of society in both evaluating and discussing fragility.

 Since September 11, the impact of the assumed association between vulnerable states and a variety of transnational threats such as terrorism, armaments propagation, and established wrong has been a key impulse behind international and support policy. But is there any proof to support the affirmation? 

A deeper perception of the underlying tools associated with the two is required. Over the past two decades, development firms have directed a meaningful share of their support on fragile and conflict-affected states. The trend has surely disclosed donor group countries or states and their implementing allies to a greater extent and nature of risks. Interest by improvement offices in alleviating risk, whilst assuring that longer-term growth goals are fitted, has led to international devotions in this area. 

 

How fragile states can remove the taboo:

There are many instances of effective strategies to risk management and recognizes good practice along with the causes why good practice has been selected. The factors that can assist providers of growth help to engage in more figured risk-taking that can enable higher engagement in methods of peacebuilding and state-building that are expected to offer more prominent results in the long term. The most important of these opportunity facilitating factors include 

(1) foreign policy, international security pressures, and philanthropic imperatives that make contributors take a larger share in political stabilization and organization building, 

(2) transparent recognition of the risk of heightened fragility and state failure, 

(3) donor engagements to cross-cutting goals such as gender equality, regulation, and human rights, which seem to widen their panorama beyond short-term outcomes, 

(4) investment in country judgment and information (including appropriate staff practice and evaluating staff’s homeland knowledge), 

(5) long commitment and expertise in the country,  (6) risk-sharing within contributors in the setting of pooled stocks and other coordinated paths.

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